织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

作文网

当前位置: 主页 > 梦想作文600字 >

三年级第二周周记600_高一英语短文改错知识点

时间:2023-02-01 13:43来源:采集来源 作者:三年级第二周周记 点击:
知识点#英语#短文

心无旁骛,全力以赴,争分夺秒,顽强拼搏脚踏实地,不骄不躁,长风破浪,直济沧海,我们,注定成功!小编高一频道为大家推荐《高一英语短文改错知识点》希望对你的学习有帮助!

高一英语短文改错知识点

高一英语短文改错常考知识点:主谓一致

从广义来说,英语中的一致问题涉及多个方面,如主谓一致、人称的一致、并列结构的前后一致等。由于人称的一致已归入“代词”考点、并列结构的前后一致已分别归入非谓语动词、时态等,所以这里只归纳主谓一致问题。

真题单句归纳:

(1) Bill was standing at the side of the car, talking to two men who was

helping him to repair it. (was 改为were,因先行词 two men 是复数,所以修饰该先行词的定语从句的谓语动词也应用复数)

(全国卷)

(2)Playing football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also give

us a sense of fair play and team spirit.(give 改为 gives,它与makes

为平行结构,构成并列谓语动词)

(3) But then there is always more mysteries to look into. (is 改为 are,因其后的

mysteries 为复数,故谓语动词要用复数) (北京春季卷)

(4) One evening she told me that something happened when their parents was

out. (was改为were,因为主语their parents是复数,所以不用was要用were)(福建卷)

高一英语短文改错知识点

错词的情况最为复杂,大致可分为虚词选择错误、实词词形错误、同(近)义、形似词选择错误等。

虚词选择错误

① 介词或副词选择错误:这种情况极为复杂,各种情况都有可能。这里只提供几组作为参考:before / ago, among / between, after / in, below / under, on / above / over, across / through, except / besides, with / in(用), to / for (对于), like / as 等。

② 连词选择错误或连词与介词混淆。如:because / for(since, as), if / whether, if / unless, so as / so that, hardly … when / no sooner… than, while / when, till / until等。

③ 感叹句用词选择错误:how / what。

④ 冠词选择错误:a / an, a (an) / the。

实词词形错误

① 名词词形错误:名词的单复数形式,特别注意不规则名词的复数形式;名词的所有格,特别注意不规则复数名词的所有格,如:the children’s;名词所有格的绝对形式。如:My son is older than my elder brother’s.

② 动词词形错误:不规则动词的过去式、过去分词形式错误,特别注意几组易于混淆的词,如:lie(躺) / lie(说谎) / lay;hang(挂) / hang(绞死);find / found(建立);fall / fell(砍倒);bear(忍受) / bear(生育)等的过去式与过去分词。非谓语动词用法的选择,特别是充当状语、表语、定语或宾语补足语时是用过去分词还是现在分词(取决于主语、名词中心词与宾语的关系);在 to 后是用不定式还是动名词(取决于to是介词还是小品词);以及在并列结构中后面动词的形式,必须与第 1 个动词保持一致。谓语动词时态形式的选择,是现在时还是过去时还是其他时态;情态动词和 will(would), shall (should) 等助动词后面的动词形式的选择(只能用原形)。

③ 形容词与副词词形错误:是用原级、比较级还是级,是加 more, most 还是加 -er, -est 构成比较级和级。

④ 词性选择错误:不同的词性充当不同的句子成分,要注意实词的词性是否适合其功能,不符合则应换用适当的派生词。其中特别要注意:连系动词后常用形容词充当表语,而不用副词。如:He feels cold. 作状语用副词,而不用形容词。如:He works well.

同义词、近义词、形似词选择错误

这里举一些常见的例子:

accept / receive, alive, living / lively, allow / let, alone / lonely, aloud / loudly, already / yet / still, also / too / either, number / amount / quantity, answer / reply, asleep / sleepy / sleeping, bring / take / fetch / carry, clothes / clothing, deep / deeply, cost / spend / take / pay, hard / hardly, high / highly, job / work, late / lately, lend / borrow, raise / rise, say / speak / tell / talk, sit / seat, sound / noise / voice

高一英语短文改错知识点

缺一介词

① 有些动词后有时有介词,有时没有介词,可能混淆而缺一介词。如:attend a meeting, 但 attend ∧(to) the patient; prepare breakfast, 但 prepare∧ (for) the exam; join us, 但 join∧(in) a game.

② 表语形容词通常具有动词意义,很可能误以为是动词而漏掉介词。如:be afraid ∧(of) nothing, be present ∧(at) the meeting, be sure ∧(about) it。

③ except, instead of, from, since, till, until 后面可跟另一介词词组充当介词宾语,可能会漏掉第 2 个介词。如:He came on foot instead of ∧ (by) bike. big bear ran out from ∧ (behind) a tree.

④ hundreds, thousands 等后面可能漏掉 of。类似的还有millions ∧ (of), dozens ∧ (of), scores ∧ (of)

缺一连词

① 汉语常用意合法,分句与分句之间往往不用连词,但英语里不行。如:

It began to rain, ∧ (and) they had to stop the match. (如果中间用分号可不用连词)

It was late, ∧ (so) we went home.

You like sports, ∧ (while) I’d rather read.

He looked for the key, ∧ (but) didn’t find it.

② 受汉语影响,并列动词词组之间可能缺一个and。如:

She smiled ∧ (and) said good-bye to her father.

③ 名词性从句 that分句置于句首或作同位语时不可缺少连词。如:

∧ (That) she is beautiful is known to us all.

We heard the news ∧ (that) our team had won.

④ even 后可能缺少 if 或 though。如:

He walks as ∧ (if 或 though) he were drunk.

缺一代词

① 充当定语从句主语的关系代词不能缺少。如:

The accident ∧ (that) happened yesterday was very serious.

② 英语中用来替代前面的“the + 名词”的 that(单数)和 those(复数),在汉语中往往很可能漏掉。如:

The population of China is much larger than ∧ (that) of Japan.

These shirts are expensive, but∧ (those) which we saw the other day were even more expensive.

缺一助动词或连系动词 be

① 表语不是名词时,可能缺少连系动词 be,因为汉语在这种情况下不用“是”。如:

He ∧ (is) afraid of his father.

The match ∧ (is) over.

② 被动语态中缺少助动词 be,成了主动语态。如:

He has ∧ (been) asked to sing in English.

③ 完成体中缺少助动词 have,成了一般过去时。如:

We realized that we ∧ (had) lost our way.

They ∧ (have) lived here since 1980.

④ 在倒装句中缺少助动词或情态动词。如:

Hardly ∧ (had) I reached the bus stop when the bus started.

Seldom ∧ (do) I get invited into the office alone.

Only in this way ∧ (can) you learn English well.

缺一冠词

① 在 such 或 so + 形容词与单数可数名词连用时,不可缺 a (an)。如:

He is such ∧ (an) honest boy that all of us like him.

This is so good ∧ (a) book that I read it again.

② 表示“有些”时,little, few前面不可缺少 a。如:

Don’t hurry. There is ∧ (a) little time left.

③ many 前有 great, good 时,要加 a。如:∧(a) great many people.若 many 后接单数名词,中间须有 a (an)。如:Many ∧ (a) man has tried it before.

④ 一些不可数名词前,有形容词修饰表示“一种(场)等”时,要加 a (an)。如:

It’s ∧ (a) famous Chinese tea.

There was∧ (a) heavy rain last night.

⑤ 用专有名词表示“一个像(叫)……的人”时,用 a (an), 如:

He wished to be ∧ (a) Lei Feng.

∧ (A) Mr Wang called you up just now.

⑥“形容词比较级 + of the two…”前必须用 the。如:

He is ∧ (the) better one of the two.

缺小品词 to

① 不定式充当各种成分,一般都不能缺少 to。如:

She went there ∧ (to) see her mother.

He asked me not ∧ (to) go there.

I have something important ∧ (to) tell you.

② make, let, have, see, hear, notice, observe, watch 等动词变成被动语态时,充当主语补足语的不定式前的 to需还原。如:

She was made ∧ (to) do heavy work.

The blind man was seen ∧ (to) cross the street.


高一英语短文改错知识点相关文章:

★ 英语短文改错知识点

★ 高考英语短文改错考点归纳

★ 高中英语短文改错超详细解题技巧

★ 高考英语短文改错常考知识点

★ 高中英语短文改错最强攻略

★ 高中英语短文改错万能公式详解

★ 高中英语短文改错答题技巧详解

★ 高考英语短文改错知识点考查

★ 高中英语短文改错技巧方法

★ 高中英语短文改错题技巧解读

三年级第二周周记600 (责任编辑:admin)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(0)
0%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片